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Old French Dictionary P

   This glossary (P) can provide a valuable reference for French words in general use during the 15th century, including appropriate Latin, Castilian, Old Latin, Greek, Catalan, etc., references. New words will be added to this dictionary periodically as they become available.



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Pacifique - (F. a.) peaceful, at peace

Pain - (O.F. n.) bread

Paix/Pax - (O.F. n.) peace

Palais - (O.F. n.) palace

Palestine - (O.F. n.) Palestine

Pampon - (GR. a.) doubtful

Par/Pars - (F. p.) by, for, because of, due to, through, from, of, at, on, etc..

Parenz - (O.F. n.) kinsmen

Parfin - (O.F. p.) in the end, when all is done, at last, etc..

Parfonder - (O.F. v.) come down upon, fall upon

Parler - (O.F. n.) speech

Parpaignan/Parpignan - (O.F. n.) wall, rampart

Parque - (O.F. a.) parked, surrounded, hemmed in, enclosed, beseiged

Part/Parte - (O.F. n.) part

Partira - (O.F. v. fut.) will depart, will leave

Parviendra - (O.F. v. fut.) will attain, will be attained, will be seen to

Pasle - (O.F. a.) pale

Passe - (O.F. a.) past, passed, surpassed, defeated, ended

Passer - (O.F. v.) to pass, traverse, pass through

Pasteur - (O.F. n.) Louis Pasteur, pastor, shepherd, pope, etc..

Patron - (L. n.) patron, protector

PAU - (O.F. n.) Pau, Henry IV of Navarre

Pause - (O.F. v.) pause, stop, think, consider

Pauvres - (O.F. a.) poor, poverty stricken

Pavillon - (O.F. n.) pavillion, royal house, royal colors or crest

Pax Ney Loron - (O.F. n.) peace not bound, (anagram of "Napolyon Rex")

Peine/Peyne - (O.F. n.) pain, punishment

Pellices - (O.F. n. plur.) seductresses, prostitutes, concubines

Pellix - (O.F. n.) seductress, prostitute, concubine

Pelte - (O.F. n.) shield

Pempotam - (O.F. a.) all powerful
         note: actually "panpoten" - all-powerful

Pence - (L. a.) waiting, impending

Pendu - (O.F. a.) hanging, suspended

Penultiesme - (O.F. a.) next to the last

Percer - (O.F. v.) to pierce, stab

Perces - (O.F. p.) pierced

Perdre/Perdra - (O.F. v.) lose, discard, cast off, cast out

Perdu - (O.F. a.) lost from view, unseen, overlooked

Pere - (O.F. n.) father, priest, friar, brother

Perfetant - (O.F. n.) chaos, mayhem

Perhume - (O.F. p.) experienced before

Perille - (O.F. n.) peril, danger

Perplex - (O.F. n.) perplexity, trouble, problem, difficult situation

Perse - (O.F. n.) Persia, Iran, Middle East

Personnaige - (O.F. n.) person

Perspective - (O.F. n.) perspective, viewpoint

Perte - (O.F. n.) loss, ruin, trouble

Pescheur - (O.F. n.) tribulation

Peste/Pestifere - (O.F. n.) torment, calamity, pestilence, terrible conditions

Petit - (F. a.) little, small, tiny, few, etc..

Peu - (O.F. a.) little, short, shortly, slight, etc..

Peult - (O.F. a.) well, easily, acceptably

Peuples - (O.F. n.) people

Peur - (O.F. n.) fear, dread, fright

Peyne/Peine - (O.F. n.) pain, punishment

Phalange - (O.F. n.) phalange, square defense line

Phebes - (O.F. n.) the Moon

Picquant - (O.F. a.) harsh, bitter

Pied - (O.F. n.) foot, kick

Pierre - (O.F. n.) stone, rock, Peter, St. Peter

Pille - (O.F. n.) pillage

Piramid - (O.F. n.) pyramid

Pirates - (O.F. n. plur.) pirates

Pire - (O.F. a.) worse, more harsh

Piteux - (O.F. a.) pitiful, merciful, wretched

Place - (O.F. n.) a place

Plainte/Plainct - (O.F. n.) complaint, moaning, lamentation

Plaisant - (O.F. p.) pleased

Plaisir - (O.F. n.) pleasure

Plenitude - (O.F. a.) bright, shimmering

Pleurs - (O.F. n.) tears, crying

Pliera - (O.F.v. fut.) will bend, will reform, will conform, will put up

Plonger - (O.F. v.) dive into, plunge into

Pluie/Pluye - (O.F. n.f.) rain, rainstorm, tempest

Plus - (O.F. a.) more, greater, farther

Pluspart - (F. n.) greater part

Plusier - (O.F. a.) several, many, multiple, more

Poignard - (O.F. n.) a pointed dagger, knife, blade, etc..

Point/Poinct - (F. n.) point, dawning, idea, revelation, concept, beginning

Poison - (O.F. n.) poison

Poisson - (O.F. n.) fish, submarine, aquatic vehicle

Pole/Polle - (O.F. n.) pole, axis, satellite, outpost, point of origin

Police - (O.F. n.) order, government

Pollitique - (O.F. n.) politics, government

Pont - (O.F. n.) bridge

Pont/Pontife - (O.F. n.) pontiff, pope, prelate, bishop

Port - (O.F. n.) seaport, demeanor

Porte - (O.F. n.) gate, door

Porter - (O.F. v.) transport, carry

Portes - (O.F. n. plur.) ports, seaports, harbors

Pose/Poser - (O.F. v.) put, place down, seat, settle, position oneself

Posthume - (O.F. p.) experienced after

Poudre - (O.F. n.) powder, dust

Poulse - (O.F. n.) thrust, push, jolt

Pour - (O.F. p.) for

Poursuivre - (F. v.) to pursue

Predecesseurs - (O.F. n. plur.) predecessors

Prelat - (O.F. n) prelate, bishop

Premier - (O.F. a.) first, leading

Prendra - (F. v. fut.) will take, will capture

Pres - (O.F. a.) near

Prescript - (O.F. a.) limited, prescribed

Prest - (O.F. a.) ready, prepared

Prest - (O.F. p.) preparing

Prestres - (O.F. n. plur.) priests

Presque - (O.F. a.) almost, nearly, closely

Pretendoit - (O.F. p.) pretending

Preuve - (O.F. n.) proof

Primat - (O.F. n.) pope, primate, mankind

Prin - (O.F. a.) thin, sharp

Prince - (O.F. n.) prince

Principaux - (O.F. n.) leader, principal

Prins/Prinz/Prinse - (O.F. a.) taken, seized, captured, held, removed, isolated
         note: from Old French "prins, prinse, prise" - taken, seized
         source: Randall Cotgrave's 1611 Old French Dictionary

Prochain - (O.F. a.) nigh, held close

Proche - (O.F. a.) near, nearby

Procree - (O.F. n.) offspring, progeny

Procul - (O.F. n.) counselor, adviser
         note: from Old French "procul, proculteur" - counselor
         source: Randall Cotgrave's 1611 Old French Dictionary

Proditeurs - (O.F. n. plur.) traitors

Profanum - (O.F. a.) profane

Profond - (O.F. a.) vast, deepest, most profound, most remote

Prodigieux - (O.F. a.) surprising, overwhelming

Promis - (O.F. a.) promised

Promontoire - (O.F. n.) a promontory, monument, peninsula

Prononcee - (O.F. n.) a pronouncement

Prophete - (O.F. n.) prophet

Prophetie - (O.F. n.) prophecy, predictions

Propin - (O.F. a.) proper, suitable, high place

Propre - (O.F. a.) purposely, properly

Prospere - (O.F. n.) favor, prosperity

Prostera - (O.F. v. fut.) will prostrate, will lower oneself, will bow

Prosterner - (O.F. p.) bowing

Prouve - (O.F. n.) proof, support

Prouve - (O.F. v.) approve, assure, support

Province - (O.F. n.) province, realm

Pugne - (O.F. n.) fighting, battle, contest

Puis - (O.F. a.) then, this is when
         note: "then" - a contraction of "this is when"

Punic/Punique - (O.F. a.) Punic, Carthaginian

Puy - (O.F. n.) support

Puys - (O.F. n.) a well, mound

Punis - (O.F. p.) punished

Pyrates - (O.F. n. plur.) pirates

Pyre - (O.F. n.) piracy, pillaging



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   The above glossary (P) lists specific references to many Old French words that were in general use during the 15th century in France.  Its references may also be found in modern French dictionaries such as the Cassell's French Dictionary (hardcover edition) and other older texts.  The Old French word definitions may often be found under classical "class." or figurative "fig." definitions.  If you can't find the appropriate definition in the French section of the dictionary, try doing a reverse look-up in the English section of the same dictionary.  The 15th century Old French language made heavy use of both Latin and Greek words.  These Latin and Greek word definitions can be verified by researching the appropriate Latin or Greek dictionaries.  Some word definitions have survived almost completely intact into modern times, and can be located by simply typing them into an Internet search engine.

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